This work was done during one weekend by research workshop participants and does not represent the work of Apart Research.
Accepted at the 
 research sprint on 
September 26, 2023

Uncertainty about value naturally leads to empowerment

I discuss some problems with measuring empowerment by the “number of reachable states''. Then propose a more robust measure based on uncertainty about ultimate value. I hope that towards the end you will find that new measure obviously natural. I also provide a Gymnasium environment well suited to experimenting with optionality and value uncertainty.

Filip Sondej
4th place
3rd place
2nd place
1st place
 by peer review